Article: article from journal or magazin.
Synergistic and antagonistic interaction between different branches of the immune system is related to melanin-based coloration in nestling tawny owls.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
When exposed to parasites, hosts often mount energetically expensive immune responses, and this may alter resource allocation between competing life history traits including other components of the immune system. Here, we investigated whether a humoral immune challenge towards a vaccine reduces or enhances the cutaneous immune responses towards an injection of lipopolysaccharid (LPS, innate immunity) and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA, T-cell immunity) in nestling tawny owls in interaction with the degree of plumage melanin-based coloration. The humoral immune challenge enhanced the response to LPS similarly in differently coloured nestlings. In contrast, the same humoral immune challenge enhanced immune response to PHA in dark reddish melanic nestlings while reducing it in pale reddish melanic nestlings. Our results highlight that both antagonistic and synergistic interactions can take place among branches of immune system, and that the sign and magnitude of these interactions can vary with immune responses involved and the degree of melanin-based coloration.
Animals, Color, Feathers/metabolism, Immunity, Humoral/drug effects, Immunity, Humoral/physiology, Immunity, Innate/drug effects, Immunity, Innate/physiology, Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology, Melanins/metabolism, Phytohemagglutinins/pharmacology, Strigiformes/immunology, Strigiformes/metabolism, Vaccines/pharmacology
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