Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
The N-terminal domain of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein represents a target of protective immunity.
The N-terminal domain of the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) has been largely neglected in the search for a malaria vaccine in spite of being a target of inhibitory antibodies and protective T cell responses in mice. Thus, in order to develop this region as a vaccine candidate to be eventually associated with other candidates and, in particular, with the very advanced C-terminal counterpart, synthetic constructs representing N- and C-terminal regions of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium berghei CSP were administered as single or combined formulations in mice. We show that the antisera generated against the combinations inhibit sporozoite invasion of hepatocytes in vitro better than antisera against single peptides. Furthermore, two different P. falciparum CSP N-terminal constructs (PfCS22-110 and PfCS65-110) were recognized by serum samples from people living in malaria-endemic regions. Importantly, recognition of the short N-terminal peptide (PfCS65-110) by sera from children living in a malaria-endemic region was associated with protection from disease. Taken together, these results underline the potential of using such fragments as malaria vaccine candidates.
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibodies, Protozoan/blood, Antibodies, Protozoan/immunology, Child, Preschool, Female, Hepatocytes/parasitology, Humans, Malaria/immunology, Malaria/parasitology, Malaria Vaccines, Malaria, Falciparum/diagnosis, Malaria, Falciparum/immunology, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptide Fragments/chemical synthesis, Peptide Fragments/chemistry, Plasmodium berghei/immunology, Plasmodium falciparum/growth & development, Plasmodium falciparum/immunology, Protozoan Proteins/chemistry, Protozoan Proteins/immunology
Web of science
Last modification date