Article: article from journal or magazin.
T cell receptor V beta repertoire in mice lacking endogenous mouse mammary tumor provirus.
European Journal of Immunology
When endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) superantigens (SAg) are expressed in the first weeks of life an efficient thymic deletion of T cells expressing MMTV SAg-reactive T cell receptor (TcR) V beta segments is observed. As most inbred mouse strains and wild mice contain integrated MMTV DNA, knowing the precise extent of MMTV influence on T cell development is required in order to study T cell immunobiology in the mouse. In this report, backcross breeding between BALB.D2 (Mtv-6, -7, -8 and -9) and 38CH (Mtv-) mice was carried out to obtain animals either lacking endogenous MMTV or containing a single MMTV locus, i.e. Mtv-6, -7, -8 or -9. The TcR V beta chain (TcR V beta) usage in these mice was analyzed using monoclonal antibodies specific for TcR V beta 2, V beta 3, V beta 4, V beta 5, V beta 6, V beta 7, V beta 8, V beta 11, V beta 12 and V beta 14 segments. Both Mtv-8+ mice and Mtv-9+ mice deleted TcR V beta 5+ and V beta 11+ T cells. Moreover, we also observed the deletion of TcR V beta 12+ cells by Mtv-8 and Mtv-9 products. Mtv-6+ and Mtv-7+ animals deleted TcR V beta 3+ and V beta 5+ cells, and TcR V beta 6+, V beta 7+ and V beta 8.1+ cells, respectively. Unexpectedly, TcR V beta 8.2+ cells were also deleted in some backcross mice expressing Mtv-7. TcR V beta 8.2 reactivity to Mtv-7 was shown to be brought by the 38CH strain and to result from an amino acid substitution (Asn-->Asp) in position 19 on the TcR V beta 8.2 fragment. Reactivities of BALB.D2 TcR V beta 8.2 and 38CH TcR V beta 8.2 to the exogenous infectious viruses, MMTV(SW) and MMTV(SHN), were compared. Finally, the observation of increased frequencies of TcR V beta 2+, V beta 4+ and V beta 8+ CD4+ T cell subsets in Mtv-8+ and Mtv-9+ mice, and TcR V beta 4+ CD4+ T cells in Mtv-6+ and Mtv-7+ mice, when compared with the T cell repertoire of Mtv- mice, is consistent with the possibility that MMTV products contribute to positive selection of T cells.
Alleles, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology, Base Sequence, Blotting, Southern, Cloning, Molecular, Flow Cytometry, Mammary Tumor Virus, Mouse/immunology, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred Strains, Mice, Mutant Strains, Molecular Sequence Data, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Proviruses/immunology, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/genetics, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/immunology, Superantigens/immunology, T-Lymphocytes/immunology
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