Article: article from journal or magazin.
Harvest site influences the growth properties of adipose derived stem cells.
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish. PDF type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The therapeutic potential of adult stem cells may become a relevant option in clinical care in the future. In hand and plastic surgery, cell therapy might be used to enhance nerve regeneration and help surgeons and clinicians to repair debilitating nerve injuries. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are found in abundant quantities and can be harvested with a low morbidity. In order to define the optimal fat harvest location and detect any potential differences in ASC proliferation properties, we compared biopsies from different anatomical sites (inguinal, flank, pericardiac, omentum, neck) in Sprague-Dawley rats. ASCs were expanded from each biopsy and a proliferation assay using different mitogenic factors, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was performed. Our results show that when compared with the pericardiac region, cells isolated from the inguinal, flank, omental and neck regions grow significantly better in growth medium alone. bFGF significantly enhanced the growth rate of ASCs isolated from all regions except the omentum. PDGF had minimal effect on ASC proliferation rate but increases the growth of ASCs from the neck region. Analysis of all the data suggests that ASCs from the neck region may be the ideal stem cell sources for tissue engineering approaches for the regeneration of nervous tissue.
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