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Roles of superantigens in microbial infections?
Research in Immunology
198-201; discussion 214-22
Superantigens have been defined in a variety of infectious particles such as bacteria and viruses. These superantigens have the capacity to stimulate a large percentage of the host T cells by interacting specifically with the T-cell receptor V beta chain which is shared by about 1-20% of mature T cells. The recent discovery that mammary tumour viruses express such superantigens enabled the analysis of the retroviral life cycle and led to questions about the role of superantigen in amplification of the infection.
Animals, Bacterial Infections/immunology, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Minor Lymphocyte Stimulatory Antigens/immunology, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/immunology, Superantigens/immunology, T-Lymphocytes/immunology, Virus Diseases/immunology
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