Article: article from journal or magazin.
Digital image DNA cytometry: a useful tool for the evaluation of malignancy in biliary strictures
BACKGROUND: Cytologic evaluation of the biliary tract strictures is nowadays widely used for distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions but remains a challenge for some problematic cases. Digital Image cytometry (DNA-cytometry) helps cytopathologists to resolve some unclear situations. METHODS: We have analysed 41 specimens of bile duct brushings obtained from patients during ERCP (11 benign cases, 7 suspicious for malignancy cases and 23 malignant cases) by DNA-cytometry and correlated them with the histological biopsy counterpart. RESULTS: All eleven cytological and histological benign cases were DNA-diploid and among 22 patients with malignant cytological and histological diagnosis 21 were DNA-aneuploid. One case considered malignant by the cytopathologist revealed DNA-aneuploid but malignancy could not be confirmed by histology. The analysis of the suspicious for malignancy cases revealed that all DNA-aneuploid cases were malignant and all DNA-diploid cases were benign referring to the follow-up of the patients. The comparison between cytology alone and cytology combined with DNA-cytometry related to the histological diagnosis (gold standard) resulted in a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 79% for cytology alone; a specificity of 94% and a sensitivity 92% for DNA-cytometry and a specificity of 93% and a sensitivity of 100% with combined analyses. The positive predictive value was 90% for cytology, 96% for DNA-cytometry and for both analyses. The negative predictive value showed 100% for cytology, 89% for DNA-cytometry and 100% for combined studies. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited number of patients involved in the study, the results obtained indicate an increased of specificity and of positive predictive value using DNA-cytometry. These results confirm the pertinence of these method for challenging cases, in conjunction with other available diagnostic tools.
Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Biliary Tract/cytology/metabolism/*pathology Biliary Tract Neoplasms/*diagnosis/*genetics/pathology DNA, Neoplasm/genetics Epithelial Cells/cytology/metabolism/pathology Female Humans *Image Cytometry Male Middle Aged
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