Article: article from journal or magazin.
Comparison of local intravascular drug-delivery catheter systems.
American Heart Journal
Systemic and local delivery of the photosensitive drug Photofrin polyporphyrin was investigated in normal porcine arteries (n = 192). A macroporous balloon and a novel needle injection catheter were used for local drug delivery and compared with systemic delivery. Fluorescence microscopy combined with digital image analysis was used to quantify the drug-related fluorescence. Systemic delivery showed a maximum in the intima at 4 hours. Application with the porous balloon revealed maximum indicator-related fluorescence intensity in the intima after 5 minutes; delivery with the needle injection catheter resulted in a several-fold enhanced maximum in adventitia after 30 minutes compared with the maximum achieved with either systemic injection or porous balloon application. After 21 days fluorescence was detectable in arteries treated with the new needle injection catheter. Local drug delivery is feasible with either system, but prolonged delivery was achieved only with the needle injection catheter.
Animals, Balloon Dilation, Catheterization/instrumentation, Drug Delivery Systems, Feasibility Studies, Female, Male, Photosensitizing Agents/administration & dosage, Porphyrins/administration & dosage, Swine
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