Article: article from journal or magazin.
Influence of ABCB1 genetic polymorphisms on cyclosporine intracellular concentration in transplant recipients
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
OBJECTIVE: The expression on lymphocytes of P-glycoprotein, an efflux transporter encoded by the ABCB1 gene, might influence cyclosporine intracellular concentration. METHODS: ABCB1 genotypes, cyclosporine intracellular and blood concentrations were determined in 64 stable renal, liver or lung transplant recipients. RESULTS: Cyclosporine intracellular concentration correlated moderately with blood concentration (r=0.30, P<0.00005). The ABCB1 1199A carriers presented a 1.8-fold decreased cyclosporine intracellular concentration (P=0.04), whereas the 3435T carriers presented a 1.7-fold increase (P=0.02) as well as a 1.2-fold increased blood concentration (P=0.04). In contrast, ABCB1 61A>G, 1236C>T and 2677G>T polymorphisms did not influence cyclosporine intracellular and blood concentrations. CONCLUSION: This is the first report demonstrating that ABCB1 polymorphisms influence cyclosporine intracellular concentration. Interestingly, its influence on intracellular concentration is significantly higher than on blood concentration (P<0.002). This may therefore modulate cyclosporine immunosuppressive activity.
Web of science
Last modification date