Article: article from journal or magazin.
Inhibition of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase by digoxin and its relation with energy expenditure and nutrient oxidation rate.
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
6 Pt 1
This study investigates the effects of digoxin, an inhibitor of the Na+ pump (Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase), on resting metabolic rate (RMR), respiratory quotient (RQ), and nutrient oxidation rate. Twelve healthy male subjects followed a double-blind protocol design and received either 1 mg/day digoxin or a placebo 2 days before indirect calorimetry measurements. Digoxin induced a 0.22 +/- 0.07 kJ/min or 3.8 +/- 1.5% (mean +/- SE, P = 0.01) decrease in RMR and a 0.40 +/- 0.13 kJ/min (P = 0.01) decrease in fat oxidation rate, whereas carbohydrate and protein oxidation rates did not change significantly. A dose-response relationship between serum digoxin and RQ was observed. These results suggest that digoxin reduces not only RMR but also fat oxidation rate by mechanisms that remain to be elucidated. Because a linkage and an association between genes coding the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and the RQ have been previously observed, the present demonstration of an effect of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase inhibition on fat oxidation rate strengthens the concept that the activity of this enzyme may play a role in body weight regulation.
Adult, Basal Metabolism/drug effects, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Blood Pressure/drug effects, Calorimetry, Digoxin/pharmacokinetics, Digoxin/pharmacology, Energy Metabolism/drug effects, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood, Heart Rate/drug effects, Humans, Insulin/blood, Lactates/metabolism, Male, Oxygen Consumption/drug effects, Potassium/blood, Reference Values, Regression Analysis, Sodium/blood, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/antagonists & inhibitors
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