Article: article from journal or magazin.
Daytime sleepiness and the COMT val158met polymorphism in patients with Parkinson disease.
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A preliminary study by our group suggested an association between daytime sleepiness and the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism (rs4680) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). We sought to confirm this association in a large group of patients with PD. DESIGN: Genetic association study in patients with PD. SETTING: Movement disorder sections at 2 university hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: PD patients with and without episodes of suddenly falling asleep matched for antiparkinsonian medication, disease duration, sex, and age, who participated in a previous genetic study on dopamine-receptor polymorphisms. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: In this study, 240 patients with PD (154 men; age 65.1 +/- 6.1 years; disease duration 9.4 +/- 6.0 years) were included. Seventy had the met-met (LL), 116 the met-val (LH), and 54 the val-val (HH) genotype. In the combined LL+LH group (featuring reduced COMT activity), the mean Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score was 9.0 +/- 5.9 versus 11.0 +/- 6.1 in the HH (high COMT activity) group (P = .047). Forty-seven percent of the LL and LH patients had sudden sleep onset compared with 61% of the HH patients (P = .07). Logistic regression, however, showed that both pathologic ESS scores (i.e., > 10) and sudden sleep onset were predicted by subjective disease severity (P < .001 each) but not by the COMT genotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our previous finding that the L-allele may be associated with daytime sleepiness could not be confirmed in the present study. Altogether, our data do not support a clinically relevant effect of the COMT genotype on daytime sleepiness in PD.
Aged, Catechol O-Methyltransferase, Circadian Rhythm, Codon, Disorders of Excessive Somnolence, Dopamine, Dopamine Agonists, Female, Genotype, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease, Polymorphism, Genetic, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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