Daytime sleepiness and the COMT val158met polymorphism in patients with Parkinson disease.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_AA444B0D855E
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Daytime sleepiness and the COMT val158met polymorphism in patients with Parkinson disease.
Périodique
Sleep
Auteur(s)
Rissling I., Frauscher B., Kronenberg F., Tafti M., Stiasny-Kolster K., Robyr A.C., Körner Y., Oertel W.H., Poewe W., Högl B., Möller J.C.
ISSN
0161-8105
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
29
Numéro
1
Pages
108-111
Langue
anglais
Résumé
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A preliminary study by our group suggested an association between daytime sleepiness and the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism (rs4680) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). We sought to confirm this association in a large group of patients with PD. DESIGN: Genetic association study in patients with PD. SETTING: Movement disorder sections at 2 university hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: PD patients with and without episodes of suddenly falling asleep matched for antiparkinsonian medication, disease duration, sex, and age, who participated in a previous genetic study on dopamine-receptor polymorphisms. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: In this study, 240 patients with PD (154 men; age 65.1 +/- 6.1 years; disease duration 9.4 +/- 6.0 years) were included. Seventy had the met-met (LL), 116 the met-val (LH), and 54 the val-val (HH) genotype. In the combined LL+LH group (featuring reduced COMT activity), the mean Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score was 9.0 +/- 5.9 versus 11.0 +/- 6.1 in the HH (high COMT activity) group (P = .047). Forty-seven percent of the LL and LH patients had sudden sleep onset compared with 61% of the HH patients (P = .07). Logistic regression, however, showed that both pathologic ESS scores (i.e., > 10) and sudden sleep onset were predicted by subjective disease severity (P < .001 each) but not by the COMT genotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our previous finding that the L-allele may be associated with daytime sleepiness could not be confirmed in the present study. Altogether, our data do not support a clinically relevant effect of the COMT genotype on daytime sleepiness in PD.
Mots-clé
Aged, Catechol O-Methyltransferase, Circadian Rhythm, Codon, Disorders of Excessive Somnolence, Dopamine, Dopamine Agonists, Female, Genotype, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease, Polymorphism, Genetic, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 15:55
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:14
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