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Ribotyping of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: discriminatory power and usefulness as a tool for epidemiological studies
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jan
Restriction fragment length polymorphism of ribosomal DNA regions (ribotyping) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was evaluated as a tool for epidemiological purposes. Fifty-five epidemiologically unrelated isolates from three geographic areas of Switzerland and 11 isolates obtained during an outbreak of P. aeruginosa infections in a burn unit were typed by this method. Typeability and reproducibility of the method reached 100%. With four selected restriction enzymes (BamHI, ClaI, EcoRI, and PstI), the 55 unrelated isolates could be classified into 33 ribotypes. To assess the value of this method for the interpretation of epidemiological data, we calculated an index of discrimination (ID) which takes into consideration both the number of types defined by the typing method and their relative frequencies. Our ribotyping system obtained a high ID of 0.958 with only four restriction enzymes, comparing well with other different typing schemes for which ID values could be calculated from published data. All clinical isolates of the outbreak belonged to the same ribotype, whereas environmental isolates, initially thought to be the source of the epidemic, belonged to a different ribotype. Thus, the typeability, reproducibility, and discriminatory power of our method as well as its value established in an epidemiological investigation were found to be appropriate for further epidemiological studies of P. aeruginosa.
*Bacterial Typing Techniques Blotting, Southern Burn Units Cross Infection/microbiology DNA, Ribosomal/*genetics Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific Discriminant Analysis Disease Outbreaks Epidemiologic Methods Humans Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length Pseudomonas Infections/epidemiology/*microbiology Pseudomonas aeruginosa/*classification/genetics Reproducibility of Results Sensitivity and Specificity Serotyping
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