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Proximal tubular function and salt sensitivity.
Current Hypertension Reports
Journal Article Review --- Old month value: Apr
Blood pressure response to changes in dietary salt intake is highly variable among individuals. This heterogeneity results from the combined effects of genetic and environmental determinants. In recent years, considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms leading to the development of salt-sensitive hypertension. Much information has come from the investigation of rare monogenic forms of salt-sensitive hypertension, which has focused attention on alterations of renal sodium handling occurring essentially in the distal nephron. In this paper, we review the experimental, clinical, genetic, and epidemiologic evidence suggesting that proximal tubular function is also an important determinant of the blood pressure response to salt, which deserves greater attention.
Animals, Blood Pressure/physiology, Humans, Hypertension/metabolism, Hypertension/physiopathology, Kidney Tubules, Proximal/metabolism, Kidney Tubules, Proximal/physiopathology, Risk Factors, Sodium Chloride/metabolism
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