Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
A compliant small-diameter vascular prosthesis lined with functional venous endothelial cells
Date de publication
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jul-Sep
The long-term patency of small-diameter vascular grafts is still unsatisfactory. In contrast to native arteries, they are inelastic and lack active antithrombogenicity. To improve long-term patency, a new 4 mm internal diameter prosthesis was developed which is compliant and lined with functional endothelial cells (ENC). The wall of this prosthesis consists of a microporous polyurethane-siloxane copolymer reinforced with a polyester network. It displays compliance (13.2 x 10(-4) mmHg-1) comparable to native arteries, is nonkinkable (minimum radius of curvature = 5 mm), burst resistant, and easily suturable. Using a lining procedure, coverage of prostheses by ENC was in excess of 95%. The ENC populations were found to be highly pure (by factor VIII-related antigen, DilAcLDL uptake) and to produce about 0.3 ng prostacyclin per cm2. In vitro tests of shear stress resistance demonstrated that ENC monolayers on the new elastic prosthesis remain intact for 3 hr in physiologically pulsating culture medium (Vmax = 50 cm/sec). Lined prostheses implanted for 24 hours in mongrel dogs as an arteriovenous shunt demonstrated the antithrombogenicity of the cultured ENC. The results suggest that small-diameter vascular prostheses which are compliant, porous, and actively antithrombogenic are feasible.
Animals *Blood Vessel Prosthesis Compliance Dogs Endothelium, Vascular/*cytology/ultrastructure Evaluation Studies as Topic Humans Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Tensile Strength Vascular Patency Veins
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