Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Biochemical, morphological and content characterization of synaptobrevin 2-expressing vesicles in astrocytes
Title of the conference
21st Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry and the 38th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Neurochemistry
Cancún, Mexico, August 19-24, 2007
Journal of Neurochemistry
Document Type: Meeting Abstract
Neuron-astrocyte reciprocal communication at synapses has emerged as a novel signalling pathway in brain function. Astrocytes sense the level of synaptic activity and, in turn, influence its efficacy through the regulated release of ''glio- transmitters'' such as glutamate, ATP or D-serine. A calcium- dependent exocytosis is proposed to drive the release of gliotransmitters but its existence is still debated. To shed light onto the mechanisms controlling the storage and the release of gliotransmitters and namely D-serine, we have developed a new method for the immunoisolation of synaptobrevin 2-positive vesicles from rat cortical astrocytes in culture. The purified organelles are clear round shape vesicles of excellent purity as judged by electron microscopy. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that isolated vesicles contain most of the major proteins already described for neuron-derived vesicles. In addition, we have analyzed the content for various amino acids of these vesicles by means of chiral capillary electro- phoresis coupled to laser-induced fluorescence detection and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Post- embedding immunogold labelling of the rat neocortex and hippocampus further revealed the expression of D-serine and glutamate in astrocyte processes contacting excitatory sy- napses. Our results provide significant support for the existence of secretory glial vesicles storing chemical substances like D- serine and glutamate and thus point to the co-release of amino acids by exocytosis in astrocytes.
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