Article: article from journal or magazin.
mTORC2 regulates PGE2-mediated endothelial cell survival and migration.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) promotes angiogenesis by in part inducing endothelial cell survival and migration. The present study examined the role of mTOR and its two complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, in PGE(2)-mediated endothelial cell responses. We used small interfering RNA (siRNA) to raptor or rictor to block mTORC1 or mTORC2, respectively. We observed that down-regulation of mTORC2 but not mTORC1 reduced baseline and PGE(2)-induced endothelial cell survival and migration. At the molecular level, we found that knockdown of mTORC2 inhibited PGE(2)-mediated Rac and Akt activation two important signaling intermediaries in endothelial cell migration and survival, respectively. In addition, inhibition of mTORC2 by prolonged exposure of endothelial cells to rapamycin also prevented PGE(2)-mediated endothelial cell survival and migration confirming the results obtained with the siRNA approach. Taken together these results show that mTORC2 but not mTORC1 is an important signaling intermediary in PGE(2)-mediated endothelial cell responses.
Cell Movement, Cell Survival, Dinoprostone/metabolism, Dinoprostone/pharmacology, Endothelial Cells/drug effects, Endothelial Cells/metabolism, Humans, Multienzyme Complexes/antagonists & inhibitors, Multienzyme Complexes/genetics, Neovascularization, Physiologic/genetics, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism, RNA, Small Interfering/genetics, Transcription Factors/antagonists & inhibitors, Transcription Factors/genetics, rac GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism
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