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Quality assurance in Swiss University Hospitals: a survey among clinical department heads.
International Journal for Quality in Health Care
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information to help design and implement quality improvement programmes. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey. SETTING: Swiss University Hospitals. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Clinical Department heads. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Attitudes towards quality assurance and percentage of departments with procedures for measurement and improvement of structure, process and outcome of medical care. RESULTS: Among 138 departments responding, 69 indicated a designated person or group in charge of quality and 57 were involved in collaborative quality improvement programmes. Mortality data at the level of the department was unavailable to 33% of respondents, and data on adverse treatment effects to 67% of them. Most respondents (69%) favoured the use of outcome indicators for quality control; only 13% favoured indicators pertaining to process or structure of care. Among indicators of outcome, patient satisfaction was the preferred indicator (25% of respondents), followed by morbidity (16%) and mortality (12%) data. CONCLUSION: Although the quality of medical care in Switzerland enjoys an excellent reputation, this study highlights important gaps in the information system and the processes necessary to evaluate quality.
Adult, Aged, Attitude of Health Personnel, Health Care Surveys, Hospitals, University, Humans, Middle Aged, Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care), Physician Executives, Quality Assurance, Health Care, Questionnaires, Switzerland
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