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Extracellular protease and phospholipase C are controlled by the global regulatory gene gacA in the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0.
FEMS Microbiology Letters
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Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0 protects plants from various root diseases. Antibiotic metabolites synthesized by this strain play an important role in disease suppression; their production is mediated by the global activator gene gacA. Here we show by complementation that the gacA gene is also essential for the expression of two extracellular enzymes in P. fluorescens CHA0: phospholipase C and a 47-kDa metalloprotease. In contrast, the production of another exoenzyme, lipase, is not regulated by the gacA gene. Protease, phospholipase and antibiotics of P. fluorescens are all known to be optimally produced at the end of exponential growth; thus, the gacA gene appears to be a general stationary-phase regulator.
Endopeptidases/chemistry, Endopeptidases/genetics, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial/genetics, Genes, Bacterial/genetics, Genes, Regulator/genetics, Genetic Complementation Test, Molecular Weight, Mutation, Pseudomonas fluorescens/enzymology, Pseudomonas fluorescens/genetics, Type C Phospholipases/genetics, Type C Phospholipases/metabolism
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