Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Malarial hemozoin is a Nalp3 inflammasome activating danger signal
Title of the conference
Advances in TNF family research
Proceedings of the 12th International TNF Conference, 2009
Wallach D., Kovalenko A., Feldman M.
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Characteristic symptoms of malaria include recurrent fever attacks and neurodegeneration, signs that are also found in patients with a hyperactive Nalp3 inflammasome. Plasmodium species produce a pigment called hemozoin that is generated by detoxification of heme after hemoglobin degradation in infected red blood cells. We will present data showing that hemoroin acts as a proinflammatory danger signal through activation of the Nalp3 inflammasome, causing the release of IL-1β. Similar to other Nalp3-activating particles, hemozoin activity is blocked by inhibitors of phagocytosis, K+ efflux and NADPH oxidase. In vivo, injection of hemozoin results in acute peritonitis, which is impaired in Nalp3- and IL-1R-deficient mice. Moreover, the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria is reduced in caspase-1-deficient mice infected with Plasmodium berghei sporozoites, while parasitemia remains unchanged. Thus, Plasmodium-generated hemozoin may act as a danger signal resulting in an uncontrolled proinflammatory host response and thereby contributing to the cerebral manifestations seen in malaria.
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