Article: article from journal or magazin.
Enzymatic activity, ultrastructure and function in ganglia infected with a neurotropic virus.
Progress in Brain Research
This chapter attempts to answer the questions, how do the viruses reach the neurons, what are the alterations that they impose on the neuronal machinery, and what are the consequences of these alterations on the function of the infected neurons? The virus used for this research was the pseudorabies. Pseudorabies virus is transported from the eye to the superior cervical ganglion by retrograde axonal flow. In the sympathetic neurons, the virus induces an increased protein synthesis and tyrosine 3-monooxygenase activity, a transsynaptic increased activity of the cholineacetyltransferase and a great rise in the acetylcholine content. The virus also causes an abnormal spontaneous electrophysiological activity, which also seems to be of presynaptic origin, despite the fact that the virus never crossed the synaptic cleft.
Acetylcholine/metabolism, Animals, Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism, Ganglia/microbiology, Ganglia/ultrastructure, Herpesvirus 1, Suid, Neuroglia/metabolism, Neuroglia/microbiology, Rats
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