Article: article from journal or magazin.
Changes in cerebral morphology consequent to peripheral autonomic denervation.
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; Controlled Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Pure autonomic failure (PAF) is characterized by an acquired, selective, peripheral denervation of the autonomic nervous system. Patients with PAF fail to generate bodily states of arousal via the autonomic nervous system in response to physical or cognitive effort. We used voxel-based morphometry to test the hypothesis that changes in the morphology of brain regions involved in autonomic control would arise as a consequence to the longstanding absence of peripheral autonomic responses in PAF patients. Optimized voxel-based morphometry of structural magnetic resonance scans was used to test for regional differences in grey and white matter in 15 PAF patients and matched controls. There were no group differences observed in global measures of grey matter, white matter, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We identified morphometric differences reflecting regional decreases in grey matter volume and concentration in anterior cingulate and insular cortices in PAF patients relative to controls. Morphometric differences in brainstem and subcortical regions did not reach statistical significance. Our findings suggest that peripheral autonomic denervation is associated with grey matter loss in cortical regions encompassing areas that we have previously shown are functionally involved in generation and representation of bodily states of autonomic arousal. The nature of these changes cannot be determined from morphometric analysis alone, but we suggest that they reflect experience-dependent change consequent upon loss of afferent input to brain regions involved in representation of autonomic states.
Adult, Aged, Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis, Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/pathology, Brain/pathology, Brain/physiology, Brain Mapping, Cerebrospinal Fluid, Dominance, Cerebral/physiology, Female, Gyrus Cinguli/pathology, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/statistics & numerical data, Male, Middle Aged, Reference Values, Reproducibility of Results
Web of science
Last modification date