Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Cytokines in the neuroendocrine system.
International Reviews of Immunology
Publication types: Journal Article
Cytokines are important partners in the bidirectional network interrelating the immune and the neuroendocrine systems. These substances and their specific receptors, initially thought to be exclusively present in the immune system, have recently been shown to be also expressed in the neuroendocrine system. Cytokines can modulate the responses of all endocrine axes by acting at both the central and the peripheral levels. To explain how systemic cytokines may gain access to the brain, several mechanisms have been proposed, including an active transport through the blood-brain barrier, a passage at the circumventricular organ level, as well as a neuronal pathway through the vagal nerve. The immune-neuroendocrine interactions are involved in numerous physiological and pathophysiological conditions and seem to play an important role to maintain homeostasis.
Animals, Cytokines/biosynthesis, Cytokines/metabolism, Humans, Neurosecretory Systems/immunology, Neurosecretory Systems/metabolism, Receptors, Cytokine/biosynthesis, Receptors, Cytokine/physiology
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