Article: article from journal or magazin.
Clonal dominance among T-lymphocyte infiltrates in arthritis.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publication types: Journal Article
Synovial membranes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as well as other types of chronic destructive inflammatory arthritis contain infiltrates of activated T lymphocytes that probably contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. In an effort to elucidate the nature of these infiltrates, interleukin 2 (IL-2)-responsive T lymphocytes were grown out of synovial fragments from 14 patients undergoing surgery for advanced destructive inflammatory joint disease. Eleven of the samples examined were from patients with classical rheumatoid arthritis, while three others were obtained from individuals with clinical osteoarthritis. Southern blot analysis of T-cell receptor (TCR) beta-chain genes in 13 of 14 cultures showed distinct rearrangements, indicating that each culture was characterized by the predominance of a limited number of clones. T-cell populations from peripheral blood stimulated with a variety of activators and expanded with IL-2 did not demonstrate evidence of similar clonality in long-term culture. These results suggest that a limited number of activated T-cell clones predominate at the site of tissue injury in rheumatoid synovial membranes as well as in other types of destructive inflammatory joint disease. Further characterization of these T-cell clones may aid our understanding of the pathogenesis of these rheumatic disorders.
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology, Cells, Cultured, Clone Cells/drug effects, Clone Cells/pathology, DNA/analysis, Humans, Interleukin-2/pharmacology, Lymphocyte Activation, Osteoarthritis/pathology, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta, Synovial Membrane/pathology, T-Lymphocytes/drug effects, T-Lymphocytes/pathology
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