Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Thymoma, immunodeficiency, and herpes simplex virus infections.
Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Hypogammaglobulinemia develops in 3 to 6% of patients with thymoma and this association is commonly referred to as thymoma with immunodeficiency (formerly Good syndrome). Recurrent infections with encapsulated bacteria and opportunistic infections associated with disorders of both humoral and cell mediated immunity frequently occur in this rare primary, adult-onset immunodeficiency. We report a case of thymoma with immunodeficiency complicated by disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection and review five additional cases of HSV-related infections reported since 1966 in patients presenting with thymoma with immunodeficiency. Patients presented with epiglottitis, keratitis, recurrent genital herpes, ulcerative dermatitis, and acute hepatitis. Four of the six cases had a fatal outcome, two of which were directly attributable to HSV infection. Since the risk of invasive opportunistic infections is high and the presentation atypical, lymphocyte count and total serum immunoglobulin should be measured regularly in all patients presenting with thymoma with immunodeficiency.
Adult, Aged, Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use, Fatal Outcome, Female, Herpes Simplex/complications, Humans, Immunoglobulins/blood, Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/complications, Male, Middle Aged, Thymoma/complications, Thymoma/pathology, Thymus Neoplasms/complications, Thymus Neoplasms/pathology
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