A probabilistic approach to evaluate salivary microbiome in forensic science when the Defense says: `It is my twin brother'.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4128349F27C6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
A probabilistic approach to evaluate salivary microbiome in forensic science when the Defense says: `It is my twin brother'.
Périodique
Forensic science international. Genetics
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Bozza S., Scherz V., Greub G., Taroni F.
ISSN
1878-0326 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1872-4973
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
57
Pages
102638
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Salivary microbiota profiles may represent a valid contribution to forensic investigation when standard DNA genotyping methods fail. Starting from questioned and control materials in the form of saliva, the evidence can be expressed by means of a distance between those materials taking into account specific aspects of the microbiota composition. The value of the evidence for forensic discrimination purposes is quantified by means of a Bayes' factor, that allows one to overcome the major limitations and pitfalls of intuition connected to the use of cut-off values as a mean of decision.
Mots-clé
Bayes Theorem, Forensic Medicine, Humans, Male, Microbiota/genetics, Saliva, Siblings, Bayes’ factor, Cut-off, Discrimination, Evaluation of evidence, Monozygotic twins, Salivary microbiome, Similarity score
Pubmed
Web of science
Financement(s)
Fonds national suisse
Création de la notice
08/12/2021 14:29
Dernière modification de la notice
30/04/2022 6:35
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