Influence of experimental parameters on in vitro human skin permeation of Bisphenol A

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_65AA780564EB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Influence of experimental parameters on in vitro human skin permeation of Bisphenol A
Journal
Toxicology in Vitro
Author(s)
Reale E., Berthet A., Wild P., Vernez D., Hopf N.B.
ISSN
0887-2333
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2021
Pages
105129
Language
english
Abstract
Bisphenol A (BPA) in vitro skin permeation studies have shown inconsistent results, which could be due to experimental conditions. We studied the impact of in vitro parameters on BPA skin permeation using flow-through diffusion cells with ex-vivo human skin (12 donors, 3–12 replicates). We varied skin status (viable or frozen skin) and thickness (200, 400, 800 μm), BPA concentrations (18, 250 mg/l) and vehicle volumes (10, 100 and 1000 μl/cm2). These conditions led to a wide range of BPA absorption (2%–24% after 24 h exposure), peak permeation rates (J = 0.02–1.31 μg/cm2/h), and permeability coefficients (Kp = 1.6–5.2 × 10−3 cm/h). This is the first time steady state conditions were reached for BPA aqueous solutions in vitro (1000 μl/cm2 applied at concentration 250 mg/l). A reduction of the skin thickness from 800 and 400 μm to 200 μm led to a 3-fold increase of J (P < 0.05). A reduction of the vehicle volume from 1000 to 100 led to a 2-fold decrease in J (P > 0.05). Previously frozen skin led to a 3-fold increase in J compared to viable skin (P < 0.001). We found that results from published studies were consistent when adjusting J according to experimental parameters. We propose appropriate J values for different exposure scenarios to calculate BPA internal exposures for use in risk assessment.
Keywords
BPA, Percutaneous absorption, Human skin, Skin thickness, Vehicle volume, Permeation constant
Create date
04/03/2021 18:12
Last modification date
13/03/2021 7:22
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