Article: article from journal or magazin.
Cloning and characterization of plasmid-encoded genes for the degradation of 1,2-dichloro-, 1,4-dichloro-, and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene of Pseudomonas sp. strain P51.
Journal of Bacteriology
Pseudomonas sp. strain P51 is able to use 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene as sole carbon and energy sources. Two gene clusters involved in the degradation of these compounds were identified on a catabolic plasmid, pP51, with a size of 110 kb by using hybridization. They were further characterized by cloning in Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas putida KT2442, and Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP222. Expression studies in these organisms showed that the upper-pathway genes (tcbA and tcbB) code for the conversion of 1,2-dichlorobenzene and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene to 3,4-dichlorocatechol and 3,4,6-trichlorocatechol, respectively, by means of a dioxygenase system and a dehydrogenase. The lower-pathway genes have the order tcbC-tcbD-tcbE and encode a catechol 1,2-dioxygenase II, a cycloisomerase II, and a hydrolase II, respectively. The combined action of these enzymes degrades 3,4-dichlorocatechol and 3,4,6-trichlorocatechol to a chloromaleylacetic acid. The release of one chlorine atom from 3,4-dichlorocatechol takes place during lactonization of 2,3-dichloromuconic acid.
Biotransformation, Catechol 1,2-Dioxygenase, Chlorobenzenes/metabolism, Cloning, Molecular, DNA, Bacterial/genetics, Dioxygenases, Escherichia coli/enzymology, Escherichia coli/genetics, Genes, Bacterial, Hydrolases/metabolism, Insecticides/metabolism, Mixed Function Oxygenases/genetics, Mixed Function Oxygenases/metabolism, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Oxygenases/metabolism, Pseudomonas/genetics, Pseudomonas/metabolism, R Factors, Restriction Mapping
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