Transgression et initiation : tendances idéologiques et développement littéraire du récit de Genèse 2-3

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_FF95B5FDD72A.P001.pdf (811.93 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_FF95B5FDD72A
Type
Partie de livre
Collection
Publications
Titre
Transgression et initiation : tendances idéologiques et développement littéraire du récit de Genèse 2-3
Titre du livre
Tabou et transgressions
Auteur(s)
Hutzli J.
Editeur
Academic Press, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Lieu d'édition
Fribourg, Göttingen
ISBN
978-3-7278-1771-7
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
10/2015
Editeur scientifique
Durand J.-M., Guichard M., Römer Th.
Volume
274
Série
Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis
Pages
113-133
Langue
français
Résumé
Several questions about the story of Gen 2-3 remain unresolved in current scholarship. For instance, the implications and manifold consequences of the transgression act - the consumption of the forbidden fruit - are much debated. Interpreters generally agree that the story is connected to several "J" / "non-P" narratives of the primeval history. Besides the use of the tetragrammaton as the designation for God, a common characteristic of these stories is the strong opposition between Yhwh as a harsh deity on one hand and disobedient and transgressing humankind on the other.
This paper reconsiders several open questions as well as the aforementioned consensus. The analysis of important motifs in Gen 2-3 leads to the conclusion that this story differs in theologically important ways from the postulated "J"-narrative in Genesis. This indicates that it was not composed as an integral part of that narrative. There are, in Gen 2-3, ideological features and linguistic elements typical of the "J" stratum, but they are all found in the sections that present Yhwh God's investigation and punishment of the couple (3,8-19.24). Since these verses are in tension with or even contradict their immediate context, it should be assigned to a redactional ("J") layer.
According to this analysis, the transgression in Gen 2-3 should not be considered a sin. Rather, it is an important step in human evolution towards a self-conscious and autonomous being. The plot has a structure similar to some episodes in ancient Near Eastern myths. 'Initiation' functions as a central theme.
Finally, the article discusses the literary milieu of the story. Because of several linguistic and thematic similarities with Gen 1, with P-texts in general, and with the book of Ezekiel, the relationship of Gen 2-3 to these literary entities needs to be reconsidered.
Création de la notice
25/02/2016 1:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:29
Données d'usage