Forensic science culture

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_FD908833E91D
Type
Partie de livre
Sous-type
Chapitre: chapitre ou section
Collection
Publications
Titre
Forensic science culture
Titre du livre
Springer Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Auteur(s)
Hazard D., Margot P.
Editeur
Springer
Lieu d'édition
New York
ISBN
978-1-4614-5689-6
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Editeur scientifique
Bruinsma G., Weisburd D.
Pages
1782-1795
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Heretofore the issue of quality in forensic science is approached through a quality management policy whose tenets are ruled by market forces. Despite some obvious advantages of standardization of methods allowing interlaboratory comparisons
and implementation of databases, this approach suffers from a serious lack of consideration for forensic science as a science. A critical study of its principles and foundations, which constitutes its culture, enables to consider the matter of scientific quality through a new dimension. A better understanding of what pertains to forensic science ensures a better application and improves elementary actions within the investigative and intelligence processes as well as the judicial process. This leads to focus the attention on the core of the subject matter: the physical remnants of the criminal activity, namely, the traces that produce
information in understanding this activity. Adapting practices to the detection and recognition of relevant traces relies on the apprehension of the processes underlying forensic science tenets (Locard, Kirk, relevancy issue) and a structured management of circumstantial information (directindirect information). This is influenced by forensic science education and training. However, the lack of homogeneity with regard to the scientific nature and culture of the discipline within forensic science practitioners and partners represents a real challenge. A sound and critical reconsideration of the forensic science practitioner's roles (investigator, evaluator, intelligence provider) and objectives (prevention, strategies, evidence provider) within the criminal justice system is a means to strengthen the understanding and the application of forensic science. Indeed, the whole philosophy is aimed at ensuring a high degree of excellence, namely, a dedicated scientific quality.
Création de la notice
25/11/2013 9:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:28
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