Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
The potential of metastatic lymph nodes to predict positive resection margins in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer
Title of the conference
99th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Davos, Switzerland, June 20-22, 2012
British Journal of Surgery
Document Type: Meeting Abstract
Objective: Despite progress during recent decades, long-term outcome¦of patients with pancreatic cancer remains dismal. Since positive resection¦margins and metastatic lymph nodes are known risk factors for early tumor¦recurrence, patients at risk should be identified and could potentially benefit¦from preoperative radio-chemotherapy. This study aimed to assess whether the¦presence of lymph node metastasis could be used to predict positive resection¦margins in patients with pancreatic cancer.¦Methods: A series of 146 patients (82 male, 64 female, median age 68 years)¦underwent pancreatic head resection for various malignant diseases (pancreatic¦ductal adenocarcinoma, biliary cancer, periampullary cancer) at our institution¦from 2000 to 2011. Patients were identified from our prospective database¦that collects more than 60 single items of all patients undergoing pancreatic¦resection. Lymph node metastasis and positive resection margins were all¦confirmed by histological evaluation. Positive predictive value (PPV), negative¦predictive value (NPV), sensitivity and specificity were calculated to assess¦the predictive value of metastatic lymph nodes regarding tumor-free (R0) and¦tumor-involved (R1) resection margins.¦Results: There were 110 specimens (76%) with tumor-positive lymph nodes¦and 36 specimens with tumor-negative lymph nodes. Resection margins were¦positive in 47 specimens (32%) and negative in 99 specimens. Sensitivity of¦tumor-positive lymph nodes to detect positive resection margins was 96%, and¦the NPV was 94%. In contrast, specificity was 34% and the PPV was 41%.¦Conclusion: Patients with resectable pancreatic cancer, who have no lymph¦node metastasis, are at very low risk to have positive resection margins (2 of¦36 patients, NPV 94%). In contrast, more than one third of patients with¦metastatic lymph nodes are at increased risk for an incomplete tumor resection¦(sensitivity 96%). If lymph nodesmetastases are highly suspected at preoperative¦staging, a neoadjuvant treatment strategy should be considered to increase the¦R0 resection rate.
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