Value of Tumor Growth Rate (TGR) as an Early Biomarker Predictor of Patients' Outcome in Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET)-The GREPONET Study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_FC7684CF2AE5
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Value of Tumor Growth Rate (TGR) as an Early Biomarker Predictor of Patients' Outcome in Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET)-The GREPONET Study.
Périodique
The oncologist
Auteur(s)
Lamarca A., Crona J., Ronot M., Opalinska M., Lopez Lopez C., Pezzutti D., Najran P., Carvhalo L., Franca Bezerra R.O., Borg P., Vietti Violi N., Vidal Trueba H., de Mestier L., Schaefer N., Sundin A., Costa F., Pavel M., Dromain C.
Collaborateur(s)
Knowledge Network
ISSN
1549-490X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1083-7159
Statut éditorial
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Résumé
Tumor growth rate (TGR; percent size change per month [%/m]) is postulated to be an early radiological biomarker to overcome limitations of RECIST. This study aimed to assess the impact of TGR in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and potential clinical and therapeutic applications.
Patients (pts) with advanced grade (G) 1/2 NETs from the pancreas or small bowel initiating systemic treatment (ST) or watch and wait (WW) were eligible. Baseline and follow-up scans were retrospectively reviewed to calculate TGR at pretreatment (TGR <sub>0</sub> ), first follow-up (TGR <sub>first</sub> ), and 3(±1) months of study entry (TGR <sub>3m</sub> ).
Out of 905 pts screened, 222 were eligible. Best TGR <sub>first</sub> (222 pts) cutoff was 0.8 (area under the curve, 0.74). When applied to TGR <sub>3m</sub> (103 pts), pts with TGR <sub>3m</sub> <0.8 (66.9%) versus TGR <sub>3m</sub> ≥ 0.8 (33.1%) had longer median progression-free survival (PFS; 26.3 m; 95% confidence interval [CI] 19.5-32.4 vs. 9.3 m; 95% CI, 6.1-22.9) and lower progression rate at 12 months (7.3% vs. 56.8%; p = .001). WW (vs. ST) and TGR <sub>3m</sub> ≥ 0.8 (hazard ratio [HR], 3.75; 95% CI, 2.21-6.34; p < .001) were retained as factors associated with a shorter PFS in multivariable Cox regression. TGR <sub>3m</sub> (HR, 3.62; 95% CI, 1.97-6.64; p < .001) was also an independent factor related to shorter PFS when analysis was limited to pts with stable disease (81 pts). Out of the 60 pts with TGR <sub>0</sub> data available, 60% of pts had TGR <sub>0</sub> < 4%/month. TGR <sub>0</sub> ≥ 4 %/month (HR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.15-4.31; p = .018) was also an independent factor related to shorter PFS.
TGR is an early radiological biomarker able to predict PFS and to identify patients with advanced NETs who may require closer radiological follow-up.
Tumor growth rate at 3 months (TGR <sub>3m</sub> ) is an early radiological biomarker able to predict progression-free survival and to identify patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors who may require closer radiological follow-up. It is feasible to calculate TGR <sub>3m</sub> in clinical practice and it could be a useful tool for guiding patient management. This biomarker could also be implemented in future clinical trials to assess response to therapy.
Mots-clé
NET, Neuroendocrine tumor, Progression‐free survival, TGR, Tumor growth rate
Pubmed
Création de la notice
15/04/2019 8:04
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:33
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