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Limited role of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway in a neonatal rat model of cerebral hypoxia-ischemia
Journal of Neurochemistry
D-JNKI1, a cell-permeable peptide inhibitor of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, has been shown to be a powerful neuroprotective agent after focal cerebral ischemia in adult mice and young rats. We have investigated the potential neuroprotective effect of D-JNKI1 and the involvement of the JNK pathway in a neonatal rat model of cerebral hypoxia-ischemia. Seven-day-old rats underwent a permanent ligation of the right common carotid artery followed by 2h of hypoxia (8% oxygen). Treatment with D-JNKI1 (0.3mg/kg intraperitoneally) significantly reduced early calpain activation, late caspase-3 activation and, in the thalamus, autophagosome formation, indicating an involvement of JNK in different types of cell death: necrotic, apoptotic and autophagic. However the size of the lesion was unchanged. Further analysis showed that neonatal hypoxia-ischemia induced an immediate decrease in JNK phosphorylation (reflecting mainly P-JNK1) followed by a slow progressive increase (including P-JNK3 54kDa), whereas c-jun and c-fos expression were both strongly activated immediately after hypoxia-ischemia. In conclusion, unlike in adult ischemic models, JNK is only moderately activated after severe cerebral hypoxia-ischemia in neonatal rats and the observed positive effects of D-JNKI1 are insufficient to give neuroprotection. Thus, for perinatal asphyxia, D-JNKI1 can only be considered in association with other therapies.
hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway, neuroprotection, newborn, peptides, rat
Web of science
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