A Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysis.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: 28690553.pdf (1061.21 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_FBB7E0EC6D8D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
A Historical Review of Diachrony and Semantic Dimensions of Trace in Neurosciences and Lacanian Psychoanalysis.
Périodique
Frontiers in psychology
Auteur(s)
Escobar C., Ansermet F., Magistretti P.J.
ISSN
1664-1078 (Print)
ISSN-L
1664-1078
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Pages
734
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Experience leaves a trace in the nervous system through plasticity. However, the exact meaning of the mnesic trace is poorly defined in current literature. This article provides a historical review of the term trace in neuroscience and psychoanalysis literature, to highlight two relevant aspects: the diachronic and the semantic dimensions. There has been a general interest in diachrony, or a form of evolution of the trace, but its indissociable semantic dimension remains partially disregarded. Although frequently implied, the diachronic and semantic dimensions of the trace are rarely clearly articulated. We situate this discussion into the classical opposition of syntax, or rules of inscription of the trace in the nervous system, and semantics, or the content of the trace, which takes into consideration the attempt of the human being to build coherence. A general observation is that the study of the term trace follows trends of the thought of the given epoch. This historical analysis also reveals the decay of the idea that the trace is reliable to the experience. From the articulation between neurosciences and psychoanalysis in a historical perspective, this review shows that the trend is to consider trace as a production of the subject, resulting in a permanent rewriting in an attempt to give meaning to the experience. This trend is becoming increasingly evident in light of recent research in neurosciences and psychoanalysis.

Mots-clé
Nachträglichkeit (deferred action), diachrony, engram, reassociation, reconsolidation, semantics, syntax, trace
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
03/08/2017 15:26
Dernière modification de la notice
09/05/2019 3:51
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