Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effects of dopaminergic receptor agonists and antagonists on the activity of the neo-striatal cholinergic system
Journal Article --- Old month value: Feb 7
The effects of various neuroleptics and of apomorphine on the metabolism of ACh were examined in the neostriatum of the rat. For this purpose, a specific radio-enzymatic assay for brain ACh was used. This method is based on the preliminary purification of the choline esters by liquid cation exchange, separation of choline and ACh on thin layer chromatography plates, hydrolysis of ACh then reactylation of the choline moiety with a purified and stabilized rat brain choline acetyltransferase. The rat neostriatal ACh levels were decreased by neuroleptics of the phenothiazine and butyrophenone type and increased by apomorphine. An "in vivo" estimation of the rate of utilization of ACh was obtained by measuring the decline in neostriatal ACh content following the local microinjection of hemicholinium-3. This compound blocked almost totally the synthesis of ACh in these conditions. Chlorpromazine (15 mg/kg) enhanced neo-striatal ACh utilization and apomorphine (10 mg/kg) antagonized this effect. Neuroleptics did not effect ACh levels in the parietal cerebral cortex and the hippocampal formation. The modifications of the activity of neostriatal cholinergic neurons by chlorpromazine and apomorphine were still observed following the degeneration of the nigro-neostriatal dopaminergic fibers induced by the injection of 6-hydroxydopamine into the substantia nigra. The results strongly suggest that dopaminergic receptors as defined by their pharmacological interaction with neuroleptics and apomorphine are localized on neostriatal ACh neurons.
Acetylcholine/*metabolism Animals Apomorphine/*pharmacology Brain Chemistry Chemistry, Analytical/methods Chlorpromazine/pharmacology Corpus Striatum/*drug effects/metabolism Depression, Chemical Haloperidol/pharmacology Hippocampus/drug effects/metabolism Hydroxydopamines/pharmacology Male Parietal Lobe/drug effects/metabolism Phenothiazines/pharmacology Pimozide/pharmacology Rats Stimulation, Chemical Tranquilizing Agents/*pharmacology
Web of science
Last modification date