Article: article from journal or magazin.
Switch in gap junction protein expression is associated with selective changes in junctional permeability during keratinocyte differentiation.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Gap junctional communication provides a mechanism for regulating multicellular activities by allowing the exchange of small diffusible molecules between neighboring cells. The diversity of gap junction proteins may exist to form channels that have different permeability properties. We report here that induction of terminal differentiation in mouse primary keratinocytes by calcium results in a specific switch in gap junction protein expression. Expression of alpha 1 (connexin 43) and beta 2 (connexin 26) gap junction proteins is down-modulated, whereas that of beta 3 (connexin 31) and beta 4 (connexin 31.1) proteins is induced. Although both proliferating and differentiating keratinocytes are electrically coupled, there are significant changes in the permeability properties of the junctions to small molecules. In parallel with the changes in gap junction protein expression during differentiation, the intercellular transfer of the small dyes neurobiotin, carboxyfluorescein, and Lucifer yellow is significantly reduced, whereas that of small metabolites, such as nucleotides and amino acids, proceeds unimpeded. Thus, a switch in gap junction protein expression in differentiating keratinocytes is accompanied by selective changes in junctional permeability that may play an important role in the coordinate control of the differentiation process.
Animals, Animals, Newborn, Biotin/analogs &, derivatives, Calcium/pharmacology, Cell Differentiation, Cells, Cultured, Connexins/analysis, Connexins/biosynthesis, Electric Conductivity/drug effects, Electrophysiology/methods, Fluoresceins, Fluorescent Dyes, Immunoblotting, Intercellular Junctions/drug effects, Intercellular Junctions/physiology, Isoquinolines, Keratinocytes/cytology, Keratinocytes/physiology, Mice, Mice, Inbred Strains
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