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Incidence of childhood cancer in Switzerland: the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer
BACKGROUND: This report describes the incidence of childhood cancer in Switzerland, based on the data from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry (SCCR), a national hospital-based cancer registry with very high coverage, founded in 1976 by the Swiss Paediatric Oncology Group (SPOG). PROCEDURE: Malignancies were coded according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC-3). Incidence rates per 100,000 person-years were calculated for all malignancies and groups of malignancies in Swiss residents less than 15 years of age for the decade 1995-2004. RESULTS: The SCCR annually registered on average 174 new cases of cancer in Swiss residents aged <15 years, with a median age at diagnosis of 5.6 years. The crude incidence of childhood cancer in children aged <15 years was 13.5, higher for boys (15.0 per 100,000) than for girls (12.1 per 100,000), and was nearly twice as high in the first 5 years of life (19.3 per 100,000) than in the age group 5 to 14 years (10.8 per 100,000). CONCLUSION: Incidence of childhood cancers in the SCCR was similar to neighbouring countries and to data published by regional cancer registries in Switzerland for the same period, suggesting good completeness of registration. This makes the SCCR a valuable resource for national and international research on childhood cancer.
Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Male, Neoplasms, Registries, Switzerland
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