Scientific evidence and the right to a fair trial under Article 6 ECHR

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F9FFD64CE963
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Scientific evidence and the right to a fair trial under Article 6 ECHR
Périodique
Law, Probability and Risk
Auteur(s)
Vuille J., Luparia L., Taroni F.
ISSN
1470-840X
ISSN-L
1470-8396
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Numéro
1
Pages
55-68
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) does not mandate any particular format when forensic science findings are reported to the instructing magistrate or to the fact-finder. In the limits posed by the right to a fair trial (Article 6 ECHR), national authorities are thus free to set their own rules in the matter. However, even if the scientific techniques and reasoning on which they base their analyses and interpretations are similar, not all forensic practitioners report their results in the same way, and there is vigorous debate in the relevant communities as to the (scientifically) most appropriate way to express the probative value of one’s findings. We contend that the current situation is unsatisfactory as certain conclusion formats pose a risk to the fairness of the proceedings because of their lack of robustness and transparency. We make recommendations to expand current legal requirements, both at a formal and substantive level, to ensure that the right to a fair trial is effectively materialized when scientific evidence is brought against the accused.
Mots-clé
expert evidence, forensic science, fair trial, European Convention on Human Rights
Web of science
Création de la notice
01/05/2017 11:09
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:55
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