Article: article from journal or magazin.
The diversity of antigen-specific antibodies in humans and in two xenochimeric SCID mouse models
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jul
We applied two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) to study the repertoire of tetanus toxoid (TT)-specific antibodies produced after TT immunization in healthy humans and in severe combined immunodeficient mice xenotransplanted with either human peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLe) or with human adult tonsil (hu-ton) pieces. Specific anti-TT antibodies, as well as total immunoglobulins (Ig), were purified by affinity chromatography on TT-Sepharose or Protein G-Sepharose, respectively. 2-DE unambiguously allowed us to differentiate between the specific humoral responses produced either by humans or by the two xenochimeric mouse models. Anti-TT antibodies produced by humans were polyclonal with a superimposed oligoclonality that was donor-dependent and that did not change upon time. By contrast, immunized hu-PBLe-SCID mice exhibited an evident clonal restriction of the Ig, which increased with time after boosting. Hu-ton-SCID mice showed a clonal diversity which was intermediate between those observed in humans and in hu-PBLe-SCID mice, and which was stable over time. In addition, information was gained by 2-DE, correlating with data obtained by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), on the isotype composition of the anti-TT IgM response. Altogether, our results clearly demonstrated that the clonal diversity of monospecific antibodies can be appreciated by 2-DE, and that the largest diversity was found in humans when compared to that in xenochimeric models. In addition, mice implanted with pieces of lymphoid organs had the broadest anti-TT Ig diversity, an observation supporting the use of this model for the generation of antibodies with restricted specificity.
Animals Antibody Diversity Cell Transplantation Chimera Disease Models, Animal Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional/methods Female Humans Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/immunology/*metabolism Immunoglobulin Isotypes Immunoglobulin Light Chains/immunology/*metabolism Immunoglobulins/classification/metabolism Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology Male Mice Mice, SCID Tetanus Toxoid/*immunology Tissue Transplantation Tonsil/immunology Transplantation, Heterologous
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