Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Intracerebral alveolar echinococcosis.
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
There are two species of the genus Echinococcus, Echinococcus multilocularis (also called alveolar hydatid) and Echinococcus granulosus, characterized by distinct growth features in humans. The main endemic regions for human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) caused by E. multilocularis are Central Europe, Russia, Turkey, Japan, China, eastern France and North America. Human echinococcosis is usually caused by an intrahepatic growth of parasitic larvae. Cerebral occurrence of E. multilocularis disease is rare, accounting for only 1% of cases, and is generally considered to be fatal. This report presents two cases of intracerebral E. multilocularis disease which occurred in two infected patients with AE pulmonary metastases. The anatomical and clinical features are discussed. Our retrospective survey would indicate that surgical treatment should be envisaged whenever possible.
Adult, Albendazole/pharmacology, Animals, Cerebral Cortex/parasitology, Cerebral Cortex/pathology, Cyst Fluid/parasitology, Echinococcosis, Hepatic/drug therapy, Echinococcosis, Hepatic/pathology, Humans, Life Cycle Stages, Middle Aged, Zoonoses
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