Cartridge Case and Bullet Comparison : Examples of Evaluative Reporting

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F994EACA0B33
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Cartridge Case and Bullet Comparison : Examples of Evaluative Reporting
Périodique
AFTE Journal
Auteur(s)
Kerkhoff W., Stoel R., Mattijssen E., Hermsen R., Hertzman P., Hazard D. Durdica, Gallidabino Matteo, Hicks Tacha, Champod Christophe
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
49
Numéro
2
Pages
111-121
Langue
anglais
Résumé
This paper presents examples of how to report results when using a probabilistic approach in the field of firearms. Three European Institutes who have adopted a Likelihood Ratio (LR) -based approach in their practice were asked to produce the evaluation section of a report based on a fictious case. Background information about the Institutes, their conclusion scales, and reporting formats is presented. The article ends with a brief overview of recent developments within the ENFSI (European Network of Forensic Science Institutes) community where guidelines for evaluative reports have been formulated and are now published. The current collaborative approach between Institutes, presented in this article, offers an opportunity to discuss practical issues related to this approach. More specifically, this is an opportunity to introduce the ENFSI guidelines and its tenets, providing more tools for firearms/toolmarks examiners to progress toward a LR-based approach.
Mots-clé
Value of evidence, Bayes' theorem, propositions, identification, toolmarks, firearms, likelihood ratio, opinion, probability, range of conclusions, reporting results
Création de la notice
09/05/2017 14:21
Dernière modification de la notice
22/01/2020 6:26
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