Effect of Parachlamydia acanthamoebae on pulmonary function parameters in a bovine respiratory model.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F784DC98F8A5
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Effect of Parachlamydia acanthamoebae on pulmonary function parameters in a bovine respiratory model.
Périodique
Veterinary Journal
Auteur(s)
Lohr M., Prohl A., Ostermann C., Diller R., Greub G., Reinhold P.
ISSN
1532-2971 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1090-0233
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
213
Pages
9-15
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary dysfunction induced by experimental infection with Parachlamydia acanthamoebae in calves. Intrabronchial inoculation with P. acanthamoebae was performed in 31 calves aged 2-3 months old at two different challenge doses of 10(8) and 10(10) inclusion-forming units (IFU) per animal. Control animals received heat inactivated bacteria. The effects on pulmonary gas exchange were determined by arterial blood gas analysis and haemoximetry during the 7 days post inoculation (DPI). For pulmonary function testing (PFT), impulse oscillometry, capnography, and measurement of O2 uptake were undertaken in spontaneously breathing animals 7 and 3 days before inoculation and were repeated until 10 DPI. In the early phase after challenge (1-3 DPI), mild hypoxaemia occurred, which was accompanied by a significant reduction in both tidal and alveolar volumes (each related to bodyweight, BW). In parallel, expiratory flow rate and specific ventilation (i.e. minute ventilation related to O2 uptake) were significantly increased. Minute and alveolar ventilations (each related to metabolic BW) increased significantly due to higher respiratory rates, lasting until 4 and 5 DPI, respectively. Oxygen uptake was slightly reduced during the first 2 days after challenge, but increased significantly during the recovery phase, from 4 to 8 DPI. No deterioration in respiratory mechanics or acid-base balance was observed. Respiratory infection with 10(10) IFU P. acanthamoebae per calf induced mild respiratory dysfunction, mainly characterised by hypoxaemia. The study's findings do not indicate severe pathophysiological consequences of P. acanthamoebae infection on pulmonary function in the bovine host.
Pubmed
Création de la notice
14/06/2016 17:13
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:50
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