Article: article from journal or magazin.
Hour of birth as a prognostic factor for perinatal death.
The analysis of the 220,540 births and 2152 perinatal deaths recorded in Switzerland between 1979 and 1981 showed a variation of perinatal mortality rates (PMR) according to the hour of birth. The PMR for babies born between 4 pm and 2 am was 12 per 1000, contrasting with a figure of 8.4 per 1000 for babies born between 2 am and 4 pm. This pattern, which was fairly constant throughout the week, was characterised by a slow and steady increase from the very early morning, reaching a maximum in the late evening. There was also an hour-to-hour variation in the proportion of babies born weighing less than 2500 g, with a maximum in the evening and a less pronounced peak in the morning: the mortality rates by birthweight were raised only in the evening. Since the availability of hospital staff and equipment also follows a circadian rhythm, the variation in PMR may be related to a circadian rhythm of quality of care or possibly to chronobiological or selection factors.
Analysis of Variance, Birth Weight, Delivery, Obstetric, Female, Humans, Infant Mortality, Infant, Low Birth Weight, Infant, Newborn, Maternal Age, Perinatology/standards, Prognosis, Quality of Health Care, Switzerland, Time, Time Factors
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