Article: article from journal or magazin.
Changes in activity of the regulatory glycolytic enzymes and of the pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex during the development of Xenopus laevis.
Experimental Cell Biology
In this study we investigated the variations of the maximal activities of the rate-controlling glycolytic enzymes (i.e., hexokinase, HK; phosphofructokinase, PFK; pyruvate kinase, PK) and of the pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) during the early embryogenesis of Xenopus laevis (from cleavage through hatching). All the enzymatic assays, using different coupled reactions, were performed spectrophotometrically on cytosolic and mitochondrial fractions. The maximal HK activity increases markedly from neurulation onwards, PFK activity presents a peak around gastrulation, PK activity remains relatively constant throughout the period studied and the highest PDHc activity is observed during cleavage. The specific activities display the same temporal pattern. Furthermore, in the sequence of reactions by which glucose is degraded to form acetyl-CoA, the maximal activities of PFK and PK are not limiting while those of HK and PDHc could be rate-limiting at relatively late developmental stages (hatching).
Acetyl Coenzyme A/metabolism, Animals, Cytoplasm/analysis, Cytoplasm/metabolism, Embryo, Nonmammalian/enzymology, Glucose/metabolism, Glycolysis, Hexokinase/analysis, Hexokinase/metabolism, Mitochondria/analysis, Mitochondria/metabolism, Phosphofructokinase-1/analysis, Phosphofructokinase-1/metabolism, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex/metabolism, Pyruvate Kinase/analysis, Pyruvate Kinase/metabolism, Xenopus laevis/embryology, Xenopus laevis/metabolism
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