Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mutagenesis of charged residues in a conserved sequence in the 2-kinase domain of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Feb 1
Arg-136, Glu-137, Arg-138 and Arg-139 are conserved in all sequences of the 2-kinase domain of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase. Their role was studied by site-directed mutagenesis. All the mutations had little, if any, effect on fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase activity. Mutations of Arg-136 and Glu-137 into Ala caused only minor modifications of phosphofructo-2-kinase activity. In contrast, mutation of Arg138 into Ala increased 280-fold the Km for fructose 6-phosphate of phosphofructo-2-kinase. Mutation of Arg-139 into Ala resulted in decreases in phosphofructo-2-kinase Vmax/Km for MgATP and fructose 6-phosphate 600-fold and 5000-fold respectively. Mutation of Arg-139 into Lys and Gln increased the Km of phosphofructo-2-kinase for MgATP (20-fold and 25-fold respectively) and for fructose 6-phosphate (8-fold and 13-fold), and the IC50 for MgADP (30-fold and 50-fold) and for magnesium citrate (7-fold and 25-fold). However, these two mutations did not affect nucleotide binding, as measured by quenching of intrinsic fluorescence. The changes in kinetic properties induced by mutations could not be attributed to structural changes. It is proposed that Arg-138 is involved in fructose 6-phosphate binding and that Arg-139 is probably involved in the stabilization of the transition state and so participates in catalysis.
Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism Amino Acid Sequence Animals Circular Dichroism Conserved Sequence/genetics Fluorescence Fructose-Bisphosphatase/*chemistry/metabolism Fructosephosphates/metabolism Guanidine Guanidines/pharmacology Isoenzymes/metabolism Kinetics Models, Chemical Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis, Site-Directed/genetics Mutation/genetics Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/chemistry/genetics Phosphofructokinase-1/*chemistry/metabolism Phosphofructokinase-2 Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/*chemistry/metabolism Protein Binding Protein Denaturation Recombinant Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism Sequence Alignment
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