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Gli3 Controls Corpus Callosum Formation by Positioning Midline Guideposts During Telencephalic Patterning
Publication types: Articles ; research-article Identifiant PubMed Central: PMC3862269
The corpus callosum (CC) represents the major forebrain commissure connecting the 2 cerebral hemispheres. Midline crossing of callosal axons is controlled by several glial and neuronal guideposts specifically located along the callosal path, but it remains unknown how these cells acquire their position. Here, we show that the Gli3 hypomorphic mouse mutant Polydactyly Nagoya (Pdn) displays agenesis of the CC and mislocation of the glial and neuronal guidepost cells. Using transplantation experiments, we demonstrate that agenesis of the CC is primarily caused by midline defects. These defects originate during telencephalic patterning and involve an up-regulation of Slit2 expression and altered Fgf and Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Mutations in sprouty1/2 which mimic the changes in these signaling pathways cause a disorganization of midline guideposts and CC agenesis. Moreover, a partial recovery of midline abnormalities in Pdn/Pdn;Slit2(-/-) embryos mutants confirms the functional importance of correct Slit2 expression levels for callosal development. Hence, Gli3 controlled restriction of Fgf and Wnt/β-catenin signaling and of Slit2 expression is crucial for positioning midline guideposts and callosal development.
Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/genetics, Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/physiopathology, Brain/growth & development, Corpus Callosum/embryology, Corpus Callosum/growth & development, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/biosynthesis, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/physiology, Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors/genetics, Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors/physiology, Mutation/physiology, Nerve Tissue Proteins/biosynthesis, Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics, Nerve Tissue Proteins/physiology, Polydactyly/genetics, Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor/physiology, Telencephalon/embryology, Telencephalon/growth & development, Up-Regulation/physiology, Wnt Signaling Pathway/physiology, beta Catenin/physiology
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