Eosinophilic oesophagitis and proton pump inhibitor-responsive oesophageal eosinophilia have similar clinical, endoscopic and histological findings.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F2AF350D03D0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Eosinophilic oesophagitis and proton pump inhibitor-responsive oesophageal eosinophilia have similar clinical, endoscopic and histological findings.
Périodique
Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Auteur(s)
Moawad F.J., Schoepfer A.M., Safroneeva E., Ally M.R., Chen Y.J., Maydonovitch C.L., Wong R.K.
ISSN
1365-2036 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0269-2813
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
39
Numéro
6
Pages
603-608
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Some patients with a phenotypic appearance of eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) respond histologically to PPI, and are described as having PPI-responsive oesophageal eosinophilia (PPI-REE). It is unclear if PPI-REE is a GERD-related phenomenon, a subtype of EoE, or a completely unique entity.
AIM: To compare demographic, clinical and histological features of EoE and PPI-REE.
METHODS: Two databases were reviewed from the Walter Reed and Swiss EoE databases. Patients were stratified into two groups, EoE and PPI-REE, based on recent EoE consensus guidelines. Response to PPI was defined as achieving less than 15 eos/hpf and a 50% decrease from baseline following at least a 6-week course of treatment.
RESULTS: One hundred and three patients were identified (63 EoE and 40 PPI-REE; mean age 40.2 years, 75% male and 89% Caucasian). The two cohorts had similar dysphagia (97% vs. 100%, P = 0.520), food impaction (43% vs. 35%, P = 0.536), and heartburn (33% vs. 32%, P = 1.000) and a similar duration of symptoms (6.0 years vs. 5.8 years, P = 0.850). Endoscopic features were also similar between EoE and PPI-REE; rings (68% vs. 68%, P = 1.000), furrows (70% vs. 70%, P = 1.000), plaques (19% vs. 10%, P = 0.272), strictures (49% vs. 30%, P = 0.066). EoE and PPI-REE were similar in the number of proximal (39 eos/hpf vs. 38 eos/hpf, P = 0.919) and distal eosinophils (50 vs. 43 eos/hpf, P = 0.285).
CONCLUSIONS: EoE and PPI-responsive oesophageal eosinophilia are similar in clinical, histological and endoscopic features and therefore are indistinguishable without a PPI trial. Further studies are needed to determine why a subset of patients with oesophageal eosinophilia respond to PPI.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
06/04/2014 16:36
Dernière modification de la notice
09/05/2019 3:23
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