Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Face recognition and postero-inferior hemispheric lesions.
Publication types: Case Reports ; Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Two patients with severe and lasting prosopagnosia were studied for visuo-cognitive functions and anatomo-clinical correlations. Both patients were deficient in recognizing familiar faces and items of previously well known categories (plants and fish for patient 1, mountains for patient 2). Patient 2, but not patient 1, was also deficient for matching of unknown faces. Patient 1, but not patient 2, was achromatopsic. Both patients had bilateral symmetrical lesions. Patient 1 had a lesion of the inferior occipito-temporal cortex, including inferior parts of early stage visual areas. Patient 2 had a lesion of the inferior temporal and fusiform gyri anterior to the early stage visual areas. When compared in Talairach space, the lesions of both patients had minimal overlap. Thus, severe and lasting prosopagnosia was associated with two almost exclusive lesion sites in the postero-inferior part of the hemispheres. Comparison between activation studies of face processing (by others) and our lesion study uncovered several paradoxes. Lesions of regions involved in a given task in normal subjects do not produce a deficit in this task, as shown here for gender discrimination and partially for face matching. Conversely, lesions of a region not specifically involved in a given task in normal subjects can produce a deficit in the task, as shown here for face identification.
Brain Diseases/psychology, Brain Diseases/radiography, Cognition/physiology, Craniocerebral Trauma/complications, Craniocerebral Trauma/psychology, Face, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Social Perception, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Visual Cortex/radiography
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