Closed loop electrical muscle stimulation in spinal cord injured rehabilitation

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_F2725EB0AF9C.P001.pdf (163.33 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_F2725EB0AF9C
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Collection
Publications
Titre
Closed loop electrical muscle stimulation in spinal cord injured rehabilitation
Titre de la conférence
6th Mediterranean Forum of PRM
Auteur(s)
Métrailler P., Brodard R., Clavel R., Frischknecht R.
Adresse
Villamura, Portugal., October 18-21, 2006
ISBN
0014-2573
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
42
Série
Europa Medicophysica
Pages
72-73
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The effect of motor training using closed loop controlled Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) on motor performance was studied in 5 spinal cord injured (SCI) volunteers. The subjects trained 2 to 3 times a week during 2 months on a newly developed rehabilitation robot (MotionMaker?). The FES induced muscle force could be adequately adjusted throughout the programmed exercises by the way of a closed loop control of the stimulation currents. The software of the MotionMaker? allowed spasms to be detected accurately and managed in a way to prevent any harm to the SCI persons. Subjects with incomplete SCI reported an increased proprioceptive awareness for motion and were able to achieve a better voluntary activation of their leg muscles during controlled FES. At the end of the training, the voluntary force of the 4 incomplete SCI patients was found increased by 388% on their most affected leg and by 193% on the other leg. Active mobilisation with controlled FES seems to be effective in improving motor function in SCI persons by increasing the sensory input to neuronal circuits involved in motor control as well as by increasing muscle strength.
Mots-clé
robotics, rehabilitation, physical and rehabilitation medicine, spinal cord injury, functional electrical stimulation, closed loop electrical stimulation
Création de la notice
14/03/2011 0:14
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:40
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