Article: article from journal or magazin.
Postglacial recolonization of the Valais (Switzerland) by the shrew Sorex antinorii: is dispersal sex-biased? A preliminary study.
One male inherited and 8 biparentaly inherited microsatellite markers developed in the shrew Sorex antinorii were used to analyse population of this species from the Valais mountainous region of Switzerland. The analysis of the Y-chromosome microsatellite showed a nearly complete absence of male gene flow between populations from the Simplon Pass and the St-Bernard pass. These results suggest that the recolonization of the Valais from the Italian refugia after the last Pleistocene glaciations has been done through these two potential routes. To complete these results, we studied the same samples, as well as additional samples from intermediate localities, with a female inherited mtDNA marker. The highly variable D-Loop region of mtDNA was sequenced in 44 individuals. This mtDNA marker does not show a clear geographical structuration. The populations of the intermediate valleys are genetically closer to the populations of the Simplon region for the male marker, but not for the mtDNA marker. Simplon appears to have been the first route of colonisation of Valais. Female-biased dispersal could explain our results. This preliminary study exemplifies the interest of the analysis of sex-specific genetic markers in phylogeography.
Valais shrew, Sorex antinorii, phylogeography, sex-based dispersal
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