Pneumonie: Atiologische Diagnose und Therapie in der Praxis. [Pneumonia: etiologic diagnosis and therapy in general practice]

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F26702BBD461
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Pneumonie: Atiologische Diagnose und Therapie in der Praxis. [Pneumonia: etiologic diagnosis and therapy in general practice]
Périodique
Therapeutische Umschau
Auteur(s)
Bille  J., Siegrist  H. H.
ISSN
0040-5930
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
04/1992
Volume
49
Numéro
4
Pages
234-8
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article
Review --- Old month value: Apr
Résumé
The majority of community-acquired pneumonias are not hospitalized, have a good prognosis and a low mortality rate. In the nonimmunocompromised adult patient, pneumonias are caused by a broad array of microorganisms of which the so-called 'atypical' agents (mycoplasma, chlamydiae, viruses) are as frequently found as classical bacteria such as pneumococci and haemophilus. Generally, the mode of acquisition and the clinical picture will not allow to deduct the etiology with certainty, and the laboratory results are often nonconclusive (sputum examination) or delayed (serology). Empirical therapy should be initiated based on epidemiological grounds and on the characteristics of the patient. For patients without underlying conditions, immunosuppression or advanced age, a macrolide (erythromycin or a new macrolide) appears to constitute a good choice because of its broad spectrum of activity, comprising the classical bacterial agents of pneumonia, mycoplasma, chlamydiae, and legionella.
Mots-clé
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use Bacterial Infections/drug therapy/*microbiology Cross Infection/drug therapy/*microbiology Humans Microbial Sensitivity Tests Pneumonia/drug therapy/*microbiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
11/02/2008 13:40
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:40
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